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New proposals for European Sustainability Reporting Standards

What is happening?

  • The European Financial Reporting Advisory Group (EFRAG) has released the Exposure Drafts for European Sustainability Reporting Standards (ESRS), a key component of the Corporate Sustainability Reporting Directive (CSRD) relevant for the European Union (EU).
  • The Exposure Drafts present the first iteration of the proposed standards, which are now available for public consultation until 8th August 2022.
  • These Exposure Drafts cover the full range of sustainability matters: environment, social, governance and cross-cutting standards.
  • The ISSB has announced the establishment of a working group to enhance compatibility between global baseline and jurisdictional initiatives which, among others, includes the European Commission and EFRAG.


EFRAG is a private association that the European Commission has tasked to prepare fully drafted European Sustainability Reporting Standards (ESRS), as part of the proposed Corporate Sustainability Reporting Directive (CSRD).

These Exposure Drafts present the first iteration of the proposed standards, which are now available for public consultation. The consultation is open until 8th August.

How are these proposals different to current reporting standards in the EU?

The proposals aim to strengthen the nature and extent of sustainability reporting in the EU. Building on the reporting requirements of the Non-Financial Reporting Directive (NFRD), the CRSD proposal:

  • Enhances the scope of the existing rules to cover all large organizations as well as those listed on EU regulated markets.
  • Sets out in far greater detail the non-financial information that entities should report.
  • Mandates assurance of reported information from a third party.
  • Requires companies to digitally ‘tag’ the reported information, so it is machine readable and feeds into the European Single Access Point envisaged in the capital markets union action plan.

How does this relate to the proposed ISSB standards?

The ISSB was established by the IFRS Foundation, with the aim of developing and maintaining a global set of sustainability-related reporting standards. Importantly, the ISSB is bringing together a number of already existing standards under one roof. In March 2022, the International Sustainability Standards Board (ISSB) released Exposure Drafts on climate and general sustainability-related financial disclosures. You can find out more about this here >

How they intersect:

The ISSB are promoting a ‘building block approach’, where its standards would be used as a global baseline for other jurisdictions and standard setters to build upon. An approach that would facilitate globally consistent standards is welcomed by A4S and received strong endorsement at our recent reporting roundtable.

The ESRS proposal differs from ISSB’s proposed standards (see EFRAG’s IFRS Sustainability Standards and ESRS reconciliation table), but in a recent announcement from ISSB it has established a working group to enhance compatibility. The working group aims to establish dialogue for enhanced compatibility between the ISSB’s Exposure Drafts and ongoing jurisdictional initiatives on sustainability disclosures. Members of the working group include the Chinese Ministry of Finance, the European Commission, the European Financial Reporting Advisory Group, the Japanese Financial Services Authority, the Sustainability Standards Board of Japan Preparation Committee, the United Kingdom Financial Conduct Authority and the US Securities and Exchange Commission. More can be read on this from the ISSB’s posting >

What will happen next?

Following the consultation and any subsequent amendments, EFRAG will submit the final first set of proposals to the European Commission, expected in November 2022.

Both ESRS and ISSB standards will have to undergo the endorsement process for full adoption in the relevant jurisdictions. Both have announced their intention to release final issuances by December 2022.


Corporate Sustainability Reporting Directive (CSRD)

The European Commission adopted a proposal for this directive, which will amend the existing reporting requirements of the Non-Financial Reporting Directive (NFRD).


European Financial Reporting Advisory Group (EFRAG)

A private association that the European Commission has assigned to develop the EU Sustainability Reporting Standards (ESRS). These standards will form part of the proposed a Corporate Sustainability Reporting Directive (CSRD).


EU Sustainability Reporting Standards (ESRS)

The reporting standards that will form part of the CSRD. EFRAG are tasked by the European Commission to act as technical advisor and develop the draft ESRS.


International Sustainability Standards Board (ISSB)

Established by the IFRS Foundation, with the aim of developing and maintaining a global set of sustainability-related reporting standards.


Non-Financial Reporting Directive (NFRD)

EU law requiring certain large companies to disclose information on the way they operate and manage social and environmental challenges.

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We have put together a short briefing on all the moving parts from the last month. Read our summaries of events from the EU, USA, IFRS and TNFD, as well as our own reporting roundtable with HRH The Prince of Wales.

Reporting insights

While business performance has historically been measured in financial terms, over the past two decades reporting requirements have been changing rapidly. Explore our reporting webpage with all our latest guidance.


Stay up to date with all the latest news at A4S. Our Monthly Newsletter includes the latest guides, reports, stories and thought pieces from finance leaders from across the globe.   

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