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Capturing the impacts of climate change on business valuations

Find out how to incorporate climate change risks and opportunities into business valuations.


Why integrate climate risks and opportunities into business valuations?

The impact of climate change is an increasingly important consideration when making investment underwriting decisions and determining the value of businesses. 

Climate change risks and opportunities have an impact across the financial system and require involvement from investors, regulators, and insurers to ensure these factors are appropriately considered.

The goal of this framework is to provide a reference point for the investment and valuation communities, act as a resource which facilitates discussion on climate change impacts and provide stakeholders with a framework to systematically consider climate change impacts on discounted cash flows and fair market values. 

A framework for business valuators

This five-step framework has been developed to help investors and valuators incorporate climate change factors into business and asset valuations. In recent years, climate change has come to the forefront of broader environment, social and governance (ESG) considerations for companies. 

Finance professionals with responsibility for valuations can use this framework to systematically consider and incorporate climate change factors into their decisions and thus reflect the related risk and opportunities in their valuations of businesses.

The guide is complimented with four cases studies which offer practical examples of how the framework can be implemented into regular business valuation processes. 

What next

Our practical guidance and the Excel-based tool are designed to be used in conjunction to leverage existing valuation procedures to add climate change impacts as a further dimension. We have developed these with the input and insights from finance leaders in the A4S CFO Leadership Network and global institutional investors.



This practical guidance includes a framework for integrating climate change risks and opportunities into business valuations.

Valuations panel at the A4S Summit

Accounting for Sustainability is a Charitable Incorporated Organization, registered charity number 1195467. Accounting for Sustainability is part of the King Charles III Charitable Fund Group of Charities.
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